Women in tech in Myanmar
by Rita Nguyen
So recently I read Sheryl Sandberg’s Lean In…actually, I wrote a fairly extensive blog post on it, which was lost and instead of rewriting it, I’ve decided to write this one first. I will still write one on my thoughts of Lean In but suffice it to say, it’s been fairly motivating, which was surprising to me.
One of the things I’ve always been fairly passionate about is girls in tech, especially in developing markets like Vietnam and Myanmar. Study after study shows that connecting women to the Internet has profound benefits to their lives, that of their families and even provides a significant boost to the national income. And yet it’s estimated that women in developing worlds are between 25-40% less connected then men. I believe that there are two major reasons for this:
1. There are not enough women working in technology therefore not enough representation of a female’s viewpoint
2. One fallout of the above is that there is not enough digital content catered to women
Myanmar presents such a unique opportunity in that it is a nation that is coming online all at once and if we can ensure the voice of the women are heard just as loudly, there’s a good chance that Myanmar connectivity is balanced fairly evenly between genders as it comes online. What’s even more interesting is that in Myanmar, it’s estimated that 95% of the teachers in post-secondary STEM classes are female and over half of the students are girls.
Even though more girls graduate with Computer Science degrees than boys in Myanmar, the fledgling tech scene in Myanmar is still dominated by men, especially at the higher levels of the organization. Even at the budding entrepreneur level, I have only ever met one girl but countless boys who are in various stages of launching a tech start up. I think one of the biggest factors that is causing the high drop off rate of girls with STEM educations versus women in tech leadership is that the girls are simply not aware of the career choices available to them with their degree – I noticed a similar trend in Vietnam. Basically, girls graduate with a CompSci degree and think that they either need to become a software programmer or network engineer. Entrepreneurship isn’t as culturally accepted as it is in more developed nations, especially for young women who would be expected to be settling down with a family in a few years. Meaning, it would be much easier to tell mom and dad they work at a big company (even as an admin) than to try to explain that they are building something that fewer than 10% of the nation could even use, let alone want to try. So these girls abandon a possible career in technology very early on, which is a real tragedy.
Here’s a story that Thaung Su Nyein from Information Matrix recently shared with me…
The ICT committee at the UMFCCI (basically Myanmar’s chamber of commerce) was hiring and received 12 candidates – 11 females and only 1 male. Of those 12 candidates, only 3 (the male and two females) were interested in an actual tech role, the remaining 9 wanted to apply for secretarial / clerical jobs. This hurts my head and of course motivates me to try to change the tide here before these behaviours become too ingrained like in other developing countries.
Back to the book Lean In, there many parts of that book, especially early on where I rolled my eyes…and yet as I completed it, I realized that the real message that I got is that the few women leaders out there need to start speaking up and helping to create a new generation of female leaders. Until there’s more representation at the top, we will continue to struggle with the gender divide. Oh..the other message I got loud and clear is that “feminist” isn’t a dirty word 🙂 In any case, I realized after reading that book that I needed to step up. Not only am I a female CEO for a tech company, I am also in a market where the gender divide is even greater than what Sandberg deals with. So, over the next few months, I hope to gather women in technology leadership roles in Myanmar together to help. These young girls need role models and mentors. They need to see a viable career in technology, one that can be highly rewarding for men and women. More to come as we start to roll out some of our programs…